A versatile remote control system for functional expression of bacterial virulence genes based on the tetA promoter
|ADHESION; Autotransporter adhesins; DETECT; ENDOSOMAL SYSTEM; FIMBRIAE; Fimbrial adhesins; Heterologous expression system; III SECRETION; INTRACELLULAR SALMONELLA; Microbiology; PROTEIN; SALMONELLA PATHOGENICITY ISLAND-2; Tet repressor; TRANSLOCATED EFFECTORS; Type III secretion system; VECTORS; Virology
|INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY
The expression of bacterial virulence factors is controlled in response to host or environmental factors and most virulence genes are not expressed under laboratory conditions. Investigations of molecular structures and cellular functions of bacterial virulence factors demand systems for experimentally controlled expression. We describe a simple and robust system that is based on the tetA promoter and the cognate repressor TetR. Expression under control of P-tetA can be induced by non-antibiotic derivatives of tetracycline such as anhydrotetracycline (AHT). Tet-on expression cassettes can be used to replace native promoters of chromosomal genes or operons of interest. Tet-on plasmids allow episomal expression in homologous or heterologous host organisms. We demonstrate the application of Tet-on systems for the controlled induction of flagella assembly and motility, and for surface expression of adhesins of the chaperone/usher family of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and autotransporter adhesins of Yersinia enterocolitica in Salmonella enterica and E. coli. Since inducer AHT can easily cross bacterial envelopes and mammalian cell membranes, the system can also be applied to control virulence genes in intracellular bacteria. We demonstrate the controlled synthesis, translocation and function of effector proteins of the type III secretion system of intracellular S. enterica.
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checked on Mar 3, 2024