Effects of the exposure to self- and other-referential bodies on state body image and negative affect in resistance-trained men

Autor(en): Cordes, Martin
Vocks, Silja 
Duesing, Rainer
Waldorf, Manuel 
Stichwörter: Attentional bias; Body checking; Body exposure; DISSATISFACTION; EATING-DISORDERS; EYE-TRACKING; GERMAN VERSION; Male body image; MASS INDEX; MEDIA IMAGES; MUSCLE DYSMORPHIA; OWN BODY; Psychiatry; Psychology; Psychology, Clinical; Psychology, Multidisciplinary; Social comparison; TRIPARTITE INFLUENCE MODEL; VISUAL-ATTENTION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Volumen: 21
Startseite: 57
Seitenende: 65
Previous body image research suggests that first, exposure to body stimuli can negatively affect men's body satisfaction and second, body concerns are associated with dysfunctional gaze behavior. To date, however, the effects of self- vs. other-referential body stimuli and of gaze behavior on body image in men under exposure conditions have not been investigated. Therefore, 49 weight-trained men were presented with pictures of their own and other bodies of different builds (i.e., normal, muscular, hyper-muscular) while being eye-tracked. Participants completed pre- and post-exposure measures of body image and affect. Results indicated that one's own and the muscular body negatively affected men's body image to a comparable degree. Exposure to one's own body also led to increased negative affect. Increased attention toward disliked own body parts was associated with a more negative post-exposure body image and affect. These results suggest a crucial role of critical self-examination in maintaining body dissatisfaction. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 17401445
DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.007

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