REPRESENTATION OF INTENTIONS - PERSISTING ACTIVATION IN MEMORY

Autor(en): GOSCHKE, T
KUHL, J 
Stichwörter: INFORMATION; Psychology; Psychology, Experimental; RECALL; RECOGNITION; REPETITION; RETRIEVAL; SENTENCES
Erscheinungsdatum: 1993
Herausgeber: AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
Journal: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION
Volumen: 19
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 1211
Seitenende: 1226
Zusammenfassung: 
In 4 experiments we investigated dynamic properties of representations of intentions. After Ss had memorized 2 texts describing simple activities, they were instructed that they would have to later execute one of the scripts. On an intervening recognition test, words from the to-be-executed script produced faster latencies than did words from a second to-be-memorized script. This intention-superiority effect was obtained even when (a) selective encoding and poststudy imagery or rehearsal of the to-be-executed script was prohibited and (b) subjects expected a final free-recall test for both scripts. In a control condition in which subjects had to observe someone else executing a script, latencies for words from the to-be-observed script did not differ from neutral words. In conclusion, representations of intentions show a heightened level of subthreshold activation in long-term memory that cannot be accounted for by the use of controlled strategies.
ISSN: 02787393
DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.19.5.1211

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