Analysis of the protein composition of the spindle pole body during sporulation in Ashbya gossypii

Autor(en): Wabner, Dario 
Overhageboeck, Tom
Nordmann, Doris 
Kronenberg, Julia
Kramer, Florian
Schmitz, Hans-Peter 
Stichwörter: ACTIN; MEIOSIS; Multidisciplinary Sciences; ORGANIZATION; PROSPORE MEMBRANE; Science & Technology - Other Topics; YEAST
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Journal: PLOS ONE
Volumen: 14
Ausgabe: 10
Zusammenfassung: 
The spores of fungi come in a wide variety of forms and sizes, highly adapted to the route of dispersal and to survival under specific environmental conditions. The ascomycete Ashbya gossypii produces needle shaped spores with a length of 30 pm and a diameter of 1 pm. Formation of these spores relies on actin and actin regulatory proteins and is, therefore, distinct from the minor role that actin plays for spore formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using in vivo FRET-measurements of proteins labeled with fluorescent proteins, we investigate how the formin AgBnr2, a protein that promotes actin polymerization, integrates into the structure of the spindle pole body during sporulation. We also investigate the role of the A. gossypii homologs to the S. cerevisiae meiotic outer plaque proteins Spo74, Mpc54 and Ady4 for sporulation in A. gossypii. We found highest FRET of AgBnr2 with AgSpo74. Further experiments indicated that AgSpo74 is a main factor for targeting AgBnr2 to the spindle pole body. In agreement with these results, the Agspo74 deletion mutant produces no detectable spores, whereas deletion of Agmpc54 only has an effect on spore length and deletion of Agady4 has no detectable sporulation phenotype. Based on this study and in relation to previous results we suggest a model where AgBnr2 resides within an analogous structure to the meiotic outer plaque of S. cerevisiae. There it promotes formation of actin cables important for shaping the needle shaped spore structure.
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223374

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