Governance towards coordination for water resources management: The effect of governance modes

Autor(en): Lukat, Evelyn
Lenschow, Andrea 
Dombrowsky, Ines
Meergans, Franziska
Schuetze, Nora
Stein, Ulf
Pahl-Wostl, Claudia 
Stichwörter: 2030 Agenda; CHALLENGES; Comparative case study research; Coordinated results; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; IMPLEMENTATION; Intersectoral coordination; META-GOVERNANCE; Modes of governance; SYSTEMS; Water governance
Erscheinungsdatum: 2023
Band: 141
Startseite: 50
Seitenende: 60
Integrated Water Resource Management relies intensive coordination, vertically across different levels of gov-ernment and horizontally across policy sectors, as many decisions affecting water resources are taken outside the water sector (e.g., in agriculture, industry). Coordination problems across levels and sectors may arise due to incompatibilities of governance modes - coordinative mechanisms ranging from hierarchy, network, to market mode - employed in the often fragmented water policy domain. This paper contributes to the discussion departing from the overarching hypothesis that synergistic interplay of governance modes rather than the dominance of a single mode supports coordination. This hypothesis is rooted in the assumption that given the plurality of state and non-state actors in water governance, who are entangled in formal and informal re-lationships, neither the dominance of hierarchical control, market competition, nor collaboration in networks alone is capable to ensure coordination results as different modes are appropriate for different relationships within the sector. Coordination processes and results, therefore depend on the synergistic interplay between the governance modes employed. The paper presents case studies from Germany, Mongolia, South Africa, and Spain, which face different cross-sector coordination challenges. Our findings suggest that despite policy reforms for integrated water and environmental governance, hierarchy prevails in formal provisions and practices to differing degrees. We find evidence that synergistic interplay between governance modes supports horizontal coordination, which is necessary for solving nexus governance challenges. However, synergistic interplay is not sufficient to translate coordination practices to coordination outcomes. Factors such as leadership and conflicts powerfully influence the translation as well.
ISSN: 1462-9011
DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2022.12.016

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