Validation of a German-Language Version of the Body Checking Questionnaire (BCQ) in Adolescents with Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Autor(en): Steinfeld, Beate
Bauer, Anika
Waldorf, Manuel 
Engel, Nicole
Braks, Karsten
Huber, Thomas J.
Vocks, Silja 
Stichwörter: adolescents; AVOIDANCE; BEHAVIORS; Body Checking Questionnaire; body image; body image disturbances; COGNITIONS; eating disorders; EATING-DISORDERS; EMOTIONS; IMAGE; Psychology; Psychology, Clinical; PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES; WOMEN
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Herausgeber: GEORG THIEME VERLAG KG
Journal: PSYCHOTHERAPIE PSYCHOSOMATIK MEDIZINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE
Volumen: 67
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 40
Seitenende: 48
Zusammenfassung: 
Body-related checking behavior, as a behavioral manifestation of a disturbed body image, fosters the development and maintenance of eating disorders. The Body Checking Questionnaire (BCQ) is the most commonly used questionnaire for measuring body-related checking behavior internationally. To date, validation studies are only available for adult populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to statistically test the German-language version of the BCQ in adolescents. A total of N = 129 female adolescents were examined, comprising n = 57 with Anorexia Nervosa, n = 24 with Bulimia Nervosa, and n = 48 healthy female adolescents. A confirmatory factor analysis supports the subdivision of the BCQ into a general factor and the subfactors ``overall appearance'', ``specific body parts'' and ``idiosyncratic checking'', which was also found in the original version. The internal consistencies are good (alpha >= 0.81), and the BCQ is able to differentiate well between adolescents with and without eating disorders. Significant correlations between the BCQ and other body image questionnaires point to a good convergent validity. The German-language BCQ thus constitutes a valid and reliable instrument for measuring body-related checking behavior among adolescents in clinical research and practice.
ISSN: 09372032
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-110851

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