Double standards in body evaluation? How identifying with a body stimulus influences ratings in women with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa

Autor(en): Voges, Mona M.
Giabbiconi, Claire-Marie
Schoene, Benjamin
Braks, Karsten
Huber, Thomas J.
Waldorf, Manuel 
Hartmann, Andrea S. 
Vocks, Silja 
Stichwörter: anorexia nervosa; ATTENTION; BIAS; BODIES; body evaluation; bulimia nervosa; double standards; eating disorders; EXPOSURE; identity; IMAGE DISTURBANCES; Nutrition & Dietetics; PERCEPTION; Psychiatry; Psychology; Psychology, Clinical; SIZE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2018
Herausgeber: WILEY
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EATING DISORDERS
Volumen: 51
Ausgabe: 11
Startseite: 1223
Seitenende: 1232
Zusammenfassung: 
Objective Women with eating disorders (ED) evaluate their own body more negatively than do women without ED. However, it is unclear whether this negative rating is due to objective bodily features or different standards for one's own body and others' bodies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine whether women with ED apply double standards when rating bodies by disentangling the objective features of one's own body from the feelings of ownership. Method We presented n = 34 women with anorexia nervosa, n = 31 women with bulimia nervosa, and n = 114 healthy controls with pictures of thin, average-weight, overweight, athletic, and hypermuscular bodies. Identity was manipulated by showing each body once with the participant's own face and once with the face of another woman. Participants were instructed to report their emotional state according to valence and arousal and to rate body attractiveness, body fat, and muscle mass. Results Women with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa displayed greater self-deprecating double standards in body fat rating than did women without ED, as quantified by the difference between the ratings of the same body with one's own versus another woman's face. Double standards reflected in valence, arousal and attractiveness ratings were significantly more pronounced in women with anorexia nervosa than in women without ED. Discussion The double standards found may be due to an activation of dysfunctional self-related body schemata, which distort body evaluation depending on identity. Double standards related to body fat were characteristic for women with ED, but not for women without ED.
ISSN: 02763478
DOI: 10.1002/eat.22967

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