Genetic Background and Mobility of Variants of the Gene nleA in Attaching and Effacing Escherichia coli

Autor(en): Creuzburg, Kristina
Heeren, Sabine
Lis, Claudia M.
Kranz, Markus
Hensel, Michael 
Schmidt, Herbert
Stichwörter: Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; COMPLETE GENOME SEQUENCE; EFFECTOR; EVOLUTION; IDENTIFICATION; Microbiology; O157; PROTEIN; SECRETION; VIRULENCE FACTOR NLEA
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Herausgeber: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Journal: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
Volumen: 77
Ausgabe: 24
Startseite: 8705
Seitenende: 8713
Zusammenfassung: 
In this study, we characterized the genetic background of various nleA variants in 106 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) strains. The flanking regions of eight nleA variants were analyzed by DNA sequencing and compared with the corresponding regions of five previously described NleA-encoding prophages. The analyzed nleA variants were all located downstream of the DNA region responsible for phage morphogenesis. In particular, the type III effector genes avrA, ospB, nleH, and nleG and IS elements were detected in the neighborhood of nleA. The structure of the eight analyzed regions flanking nleA primarily resembled the corresponding region of the NleA(4795)-encoding prophage BP-4795. Using PCR, the gene order flanking 13 nleA variants in strains of different serogroups was compared to the respective regions in reference strains. The analyses showed that strains which harbor prophages with conserved flanking regions of a particular nleA variant predominantly occurred, and IS elements were additionally detected in these regions. We were able to mobilize nleA by transduction in 20% of strains determined, which comprised in particular EPEC strains harboring an nleA variant, the gene encoding the protein known as ``EspI-like.'' Plaque hybridization was used to identify phages that harbor the genes stx and nleA. However, only two strains harbored variant nleA(4795) in the genome of an Stx1 prophage.
ISSN: 00992240
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.06492-11

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