Clustering and Dynamics of Phototransducer Signaling Domains Revealed by Site-Directed Spin Labeling Electron Paramagnetic Resonance on SRII/HtrII in Membranes and Nanodiscs
Busch, Karin B.
Klare, Johann P.
|Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; CROSS-CORRELATION SPECTROSCOPY; DIRECT VISUALIZATION; HAMP DOMAIN; MOLECULAR-BASIS; NATRONOBACTERIUM-PHARAONIS; NATRONOMONAS-PHARAONIS; PROTON-TRANSFER; RECEPTOR ARRAYS; SENSORY RHODOPSIN-II; TRANSDUCER COMPLEX
|AMER CHEMICAL SOC
In halophilic archaea the photophobic response is mediated by the membrane-embedded 2:2 photoreceptor/-transducer complex SRII/HtrII, the latter being homologous to the bacterial chemoreceptors. Both systems bias the rotation direction of the flagellar motor via a two-component system coupled to an extended cytoplasmic signaling domain formed by a four helical antiparallel coiled-coil structure. For signal propagation by the HAMP domains connecting the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains, it was suggested that a two-state thermodynamic equilibrium found for the first HAMP domain in NpSRII/NpHtrII is shifted upon activation, yet signal propagation along the coiled-coil transducer remains largely elusive, including the activation mechanism of the coupled kinase CheA. We investigated the dynamic and structural properties of the cytoplasmic tip domain of NpHtrII in terms of signal transduction and putative oligomerization using site-directed spin labeling electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. We show that the cytoplasmic tip domain of NpHtrII is engaged in a two-state equilibrium between a dynamic and a compact conformation like what was found for the first HAMP domain, thus strengthening the assumption that dynamics are the language of signal transfer. Interspin distance measurements in membranes and on isolated 2:2 photoreceptor/transducer complexes in nanolipoprotein particles provide evidence that archaeal photoreceptor/-transducer complexes analogous to chemoreceptors form trimers-of-dimers or higher-order assemblies even in the absence of the cytoplasmic components CheA and CheW, underlining conservation of the overall mechanistic principles underlying archaeal phototaxis and bacterial chemotaxis systems. Furthermore, our results revealed a significant influence of the NpHtrII signaling domain on the NpSRII photocycle kinetics, providing evidence for a conformational coupling of SRII and HtrII in these complexes.
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checked on Mar 3, 2024