The Simon effect of spatial words in eye movements: Comparison of vertical and horizontal effects and of eye and finger responses

Autor(en): Khalid, Shah 
Ansorge, Ulrich 
Stichwörter: ATTENTION; Compatibility; DIMENSIONS; ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL EVIDENCE; INFORMATION; IRRELEVANT; Neurosciences; Neurosciences & Neurology; Ophthalmology; Psychology; RIGHT-LEFT PREVALENCE; S-R COMPATIBILITY; SACCADES; Simon effect; Spatial words; STIMULUS MODE; TASK
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Volumen: 86
Startseite: 6
Seitenende: 14
Spatial stimulus location information impacts on saccades: Pro-saccades (saccades towards a stimulus location) are faster than anti-saccades (saccades away from the stimulus). This is true even when the spatial location is irrelevant for the choice of the correct response (Simon effect). The results are usually ascribed to spatial sensorimotor coupling. However, with finger responses Simon effects can be observed with irrelevant spatial word meaning, too. Here we tested whether a Simon effect of spatial word meaning in saccades could be observed for words with vertical (''above'' or ``below'') and horizontal (''left'' or ``right'') meanings. We asked our participants to make saccades towards one of the two saccade targets depending on the color of the centrally presented spatial word, while ignoring their spatial meaning (Experiment 1 and 2a). Results are compared to a condition in which finger responses instead of saccades were required (Experiment 2b). In addition to response latency we compared the time course of vertical and horizontal effects. We found the Simon effects due to irrelevant spatial meaning of the words in both saccades and finger responses. The time course investigations revealed different patterns for vertical and horizontal effects in saccades, indicating that distinct processes may be involved in the two types of Simon effects. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00426989
DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2013.04.001

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