Payments for environmental services to promote ``climate-smart agriculture''? Potential and challenges

Autor(en): Engel, Stefanie 
Muller, Adrian
Stichwörter: Agricultural Economics & Policy; Agriculture; Business & Economics; climate change adaptation; climate change mitigation; climate smart agriculture; CONSERVATION; COST-EFFECTIVENESS; DEFORESTATION; DESIGNING PAYMENTS; ECONOMIC INCENTIVES; Economics; MANAGEMENT; payments for environmental services; PES; POLICY; PROGRAMS; RICA
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Herausgeber: WILEY
Volumen: 47
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 173
Seitenende: 184
Payments for environmental services (PES) have gained wide popularity as approaches to promote environmentally friendly land use or agricultural production practices. Yet academics have also voiced concerns against seeing PES as a panacea. This article discusses whether PES is an appropriate and promising approach to promote so-called ``climate-smart agriculture'' (CSA) practices, which we define as agricultural production practices that contribute to CO2 emission reductions and/or removals and provide benefits to farmers via increased productivity and profits and reduced vulnerability to climate change. PES appears most promising for the promotion of CSA practices in small-scale farming contexts with low incomes. Effective design, however, requires solid estimates of cost and benefit flows from CSA adoption over time, accounting for differences in socioeconomic and ecological conditions, and addressing the risk of leakage. Funding for such PES will likely have to come from public sources, and seems most promising where synergies with other objectives such as agricultural development, food security, and climate adaptation or other environmental services exist. The potential of alternative approaches for CSA support such as taxation with rebates for CSA practices, CSA-related investment support such as microcredits, and hybrid approaches such as conditional microcredit should be further investigated.
ISSN: 01695150
DOI: 10.1111/agec.12307

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