Multisensory teamwork: using a tactile or an auditory display to exchange gaze information improves performance in joint visual search

Autor(en): Wahn, Basil 
Schwandt, Jessika
Krueger, Matti
Crafa, Daina
Nunnendorf, Vanessa
Koenig, Peter 
Stichwörter: auditory display; AUTOMATION COORDINATION; Engineering; Engineering, Industrial; Ergonomics; joint action; LOCALIZATION; MODALITY ATTENTIONAL BLINKS; multisensory processing; PERCEPTION; Psychology; Psychology, Applied; RESOURCES; sensory motor contingencies; SHARE; tactile display; TARGET SEARCH; TASK; VISION; visual search; WITHIN-MODALITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Herausgeber: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Enthalten in: ERGONOMICS
Band: 59
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 781
Seitenende: 795
Zusammenfassung: 
In joint tasks, adjusting to the actions of others is critical for success. For joint visual search tasks, research has shown that when search partners visually receive information about each other's gaze, they use this information to adjust to each other's actions, resulting in faster search performance. The present study used a visual, a tactile and an auditory display, respectively, to provide search partners with information about each other's gaze. Results showed that search partners performed faster when the gaze information was received via a tactile or auditory display in comparison to receiving it via a visual display or receiving no gaze information. Findings demonstrate the effectiveness of tactile and auditory displays for receiving task-relevant information in joint tasks and are applicable to circumstances in which little or no visual information is available or the visual modality is already taxed with a demanding task such as air-traffic control. Practitioner Summary: The present study demonstrates that tactile and auditory displays are effective for receiving information about actions of others in joint tasks. Findings are either applicable to circumstances in which little or no visual information is available or when the visual modality is already taxed with a demanding task.
ISSN: 00140139
DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2015.1099742

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